Russia is a large nation which has borders with Asian and European countries. It has presence in Asia and Europe in terms of land. Hence, you can find varied climatic conditions in Russia. It is a place which has produced most famous people in the world. Bolshoi, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy and Peter the Great are some great personalities. As you go through the demographics of Russia, you will understand the growth of the country, the population of the country, density, education level, ethnic composition and health & economic status.
Population in Russia
What is the population of Russia? As per official estimation, the population of Russia as on January 1, 2015 is 146, 270, 033. Crimea was annexed in 2014. 98% of the Crimea population acquired Russian citizenship. The country experienced natural population growth for the very first time in 2013.
As per 2010 census, the percentage of ethnic Russians is 81%. Over the last many decades, the share of ethnic Russians is very stable. The other ethnicities which exceed population beyond 1 million include Tatars, Bashkir, Chuvash, Chechens, Armenians and Ukrainians. There are about 160 different kinds of ethnic groups that live within Russian Federation.
The population density of Russia is 8.4 per square kilometer. It is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. As there is very mild climate in European part of the country, the density is high. 74% of the population live in urban areas.
As you go through the population studies, you will understand what is the population of Russia and it is possible to understand the country in various respects. The birth rate, death rate and natural growth rate can be calculated so that you can make the most of your money.
The population of Russia reached peak level before the break up of USSR. It touched 148, 689,000 in 1991. As there are very low birth rates and very high death rates, the population decreased 0.5% every year. 750,000 to 800,000 people decreased every year in between mid-1990s and mid-2000s. UN warned Russia that if the same trend continues, the population will be reduced to two thirds by 2050. However, the trend has changed in between 2000 and 2009. Russia recorded population growth for the very first time by increasing the real numbers by 23,300.
If there is improvement in health care, fertility patterns, decreased emigration and increased immigrants, the population will grow at a constant pace. By the year 2012, the poverty level decreased by 50% from the point of breakup of USSR. The lowest birth rate was 8.27 births per 1000 people in 1999. The birth rate has touched 13.3 per 1000 in 2014.
The birth rate of Russia is in the same range as that of developed countries. However, the death rate is very much higher. Most of the working men die due to heart diseases and accidents. The death rate in Russia was 14.3 per 1000 citizens in 2010.
Crisis and recovery
As per studies, it was revealed that privatization at a very quick pace and implementation of economic reforms has led to higher mortality rates. While framing economic reforms, the due consideration for unemployment and human suffering was not considered. Although these reports are rejected by other quarters, as per the WHO reports in 2000, wide spread abuse of alcohol has led to the decrease in men’s mortality.
As per 2009 study, alcohol was blamed for more than 50% of the deaths. Most of the people who died belong to the age group in between 15 and 54. The percentage of deaths for the same demographic in the rest of the world is 4%. During mid 90’s the average consumption of alcohol was 10.5 liters and the estimation was done based on personal interviews conducted at three prominent locations including Barnaul, Omsk, Biysk and Siberian industrial cities.
During Michael Gorbachev’s reign anti-alcohol campaign was implemented. However, the campaign lost its sheen in the early 1990s and sharp rise in deaths was noticed. At that moment, no economic reforms were implemented. The Russian birth rates were very high during the Russian Civil War and World War II. There were times in Russia where taxes were levied for childlessness. However, it was ended in 1992. The need to address the demographic issue was noticed and it was raised as the key issue during the address to the nation by Vladimir Putin in 2006. A national program was developed to reverse the trend by 2020.
Significantly, the population decrease was reduced since 2007. As per The Russian Ministry of Economic Development’s estimation, the population will be stabilized by the year 2020. It is also expected that the life expectancy will increase to 75.
Decline of natural population
As the death rates declined on a continuous basis in between 2008 and 2012, natural population decline continued. Annual growth was witnessed in 2009 for the very first time in 15 years. Russia recorded highest number of birth in 2012. With 1,896,263 births, it was higher than the period in between 1967 and 1969.
In 2006, Russia had made arrangements to increase immigration. It had drawn plans to attract ethnic Russians from the disintegrated soviet republics. New citizenship rules were introduced in April, 2014. These measures were taken to induce more number of immigrants from ex-Soviet states.
As you go through the population studies of Russia, you will be able to find solutions to various questions. What is the population of Russia? What is the cause for slow or negative growth of populations? What is the growth of population in terms of natural births? Nature of birth during a specific season, major causes for death, impact of economic reforms and abuse of alcohol and impact on life expectancy can be studied in a very efficient manner. You will get answers to various questions and it is possible to explore ways to address the issue efficiently. New policies can be framed so that the population will be well balanced at all times.